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I medici nazisti. Storia degli scienziati che divennero i torturatori di Hitler

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Nazism rejected the Marxist concepts of class conflict and universal equality, opposed cosmopolitan internationalism, and sought to convince all parts of the new German society to subordinate their personal interests to the " common good", accepting political interests as the main priority of economic organisation, [13] which tended to match the general outlook of collectivism or communitarianism rather than economic socialism. They were regarded as a race of men not inclined to a higher form of civilisation, which was under an instinctive force that reverted them back to nature. Völkisch nationalism denounced soulless materialism, individualism and secularised urban industrial society, while advocating a "superior" society based on ethnic German "folk" culture and German "blood". Strasser criticised the policy of Führerprinzip as being created by Mussolini and considered its presence in Nazism as a foreign imported idea. Many Lamarckians viewed "lower" races as having been exposed to debilitating conditions for too long for any significant "improvement" of their condition to take place in the near future.

Skilled workers were in shortage from 1936 onward, meaning that workers who engaged in vocational training could look forward to considerably higher wages.Nevertheless, the Nazi Party's voter base consisted mainly of farmers and the middle class, including groups such as Weimar government officials, school teachers, doctors, clerks, self-employed businessmen, salesmen, retired officers, engineers, and students.

Hermann Beck argues that while some members of the middle-class dismissed this as mere rhetoric, many others in some ways agreed with the Nazis—the defeat of 1918 and the failures of the Weimar period caused many middle-class Germans to question their own identity, thinking their traditional values to be anachronisms and agreeing with the Nazis that these values were no longer viable. He also expressed opposition to communism and egalitarian forms of socialism, arguing that inequality and hierarchy are beneficial to the nation. He believed that the "Spirit of 1914" manifested itself in the concept of the "People's League of National Socialism".Hitler and other Nazi legal theorists were inspired by America's institutional racism and saw it as the model to follow.

The former German emperor also denounced the Nazis as a "bunch of shirted gangsters" and "a mob … led by a thousand liars or fanatics.

Plenge advocated an authoritarian, rational ruling elite to develop National Socialism through a hierarchical technocratic state, [130] and his ideas were part of the basis of Nazism.

During World War I, German sociologist Johann Plenge spoke of the rise of a "National Socialism" in Germany within what he termed the " ideas of 1914" that were a declaration of war against the "ideas of 1789" (the French Revolution). There are only two possibilities in Germany; do not imagine that the people will forever go with the middle party, the party of compromises; one day it will turn to those who have most consistently foretold the coming ruin and have sought to dissociate themselves from it. In Hitlerism, the concepts of space and race were not separate but existed in tension, forming a distinct bio-geo-political framework at the core of the Nazi project. Haeckel's works were later condemned by the Nazis as inappropriate for "National-Socialist formation and education in the Third Reich".After the death of President Hindenburg on 2 August 1934, political power was concentrated in Hitler's hands and he became Germany's head of state as well as the head of the government, with the title of Führer und Reichskanzler, meaning "leader and Chancellor of Germany" (see also here). Since the 1920s, the Nazi Party publicly promoted the expansion of Germany into territories held by the Soviet Union.

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