RATZINGER - BENEDETTO XVI
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Firstly, I remember Pope Benedict XV, that courageous prophet of peace, who guided the Church through turbulent times of war.
Benedetto XVI testimone per la beatificazione di Albino Luciani" [Benedict XVI to witness the beatification of Albino Luciani]. One of the cases Ratzinger pursued involved Marcial Maciel, a Mexican priest and founder of the Legionaries of Christ who had been accused repeatedly of sexual abuse.The solution must have two elements: firstly, bringing out the human dimension of sexuality, that is to say a spiritual and human renewal that would bring with it a new way of behaving towards others, and secondly, true friendship offered above all to those who are suffering, a willingness to make sacrifices and to practise self-denial, to be alongside the suffering.
Benedict traced the failed revolutions and violent ideologies of the 20th century to a conversion of partial points of view into absolute guides. Ratzinger's family, especially his father, bitterly resented the Nazis, and his father's opposition to Nazism resulted in demotions and harassment of the family. Many Islamic politicians and religious leaders registered their protest against what they labelled an insulting mischaracterization of Islam, although his focus was aimed towards the rationality of religious violence, and its effect on the religion. In the so necessary dialogue between secularists and Catholics, we Christians must be very careful to remain faithful to this fundamental line: to live a faith that comes from the Logos, from creative reason, and that, because of this, is also open to all that is truly rational.I ask him to help us all to hold firm to the centrality of Christ in our Christian life: May Christ always take first place in our thoughts and actions! In 1997, when he turned 70, Ratzinger asked Pope John Paul II for permission to leave the Congregation of the Doctrine of Faith and to become an archivist in the Vatican Secret Archives and a librarian in the Vatican Library, but John Paul refused his assent. Guardini inspired many in the Catholic social-democratic tradition, particularly the Communion and Liberation movement in the New Evangelization encouraged under the papacy of the Polish Pope John Paul II. Honours and awards In 2013, one of Notre-Dame de Paris' new bells was named Benoît-Joseph after Benedict.
The Financial Times reported that Benedict's advocacy for a fairer redistribution of wealth helped set the agenda for the 2009 July G8 summit. Also that month, a Vatican spokesman stated that Benedict was "slowly, serenely fading" in his physical health, although his mental capacity remained "perfectly lucid". Benedict XV was pope during the First World War, during which time he passionately pursued peace between the warring nations. This was never officially made public – the official news was that he had fallen and struck his head against a radiator – but was an open secret known to the conclave that elected him pope. At the same time, Corbinian's bear, as God's beast of burden, symbolizes the weight of office that Benedict carried.Retrieved 29 May 2009 "SSPX has promoted theological and conspiratorial anti-Semitism among its adherents. For this I am deeply grateful to him, and as his brother in Christ I have taken up his fine work and added a few contributions of my own. Despite his reformist bent, his views increasingly came to contrast with the liberal ideas gaining currency in theological circles. The lifting of his excommunication led critics to charge that the Pope was condoning his historical revisionist views. However, the Common Declaration of Pope Benedict XVI and Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople implied that support for Turkey's membership in the European Union would be contingent on the establishment of religious freedom in Turkey:  "In every step towards unification, minorities must be protected, with their cultural traditions and the distinguishing features of their religion.
On 4 November 2009, in response to a 2007 petition by the Traditional Anglican Church, Benedict issued the apostolic constitution Anglicanorum coetibus, which authorized the creation of " Personal Ordinariates for Anglicans entering into full communion. In the summer of 2015, Benedict spent two weeks at Castel Gandolfo, at the invitation of Pope Francis. During his time as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), Cardinal Ratzinger made several efforts to tackle the issue of homosexuality within the Catholic Church and the wider world. Aurelio Mancuso, head of Arcigay, said "A divine programme for men and women is out of line with nature, where the roles are not so clear.When Benedict ascended to the papacy, his election was welcomed by the Anti-Defamation League who noted "his great sensitivity to Jewish history and the Holocaust".